Facts About Amphetamines
Amphetamine is a psycho stimulant drug known to produce increased wakefulness and alertness with suppressed fatigue and appetite. It is related to a potent group of drugs such as dextroamphetamine, levoamphetamine and methamphetamine with have the action of increasing the levels of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin in the brain.
As a consequence they increase euphoria.
The group is used to treat a wide variety of psychotic conditions such as attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) in both adults and children. They are also used in the treatment of traumatic brain injuries, daytime drowsiness of narcolepsy, chronic fatigue syndrome and Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome. The original and most popular use of amphetamine was in the treatment of obesity by diminishing the appetite as a tool to control weight.
Amphetamines are dangerous to cardiac patients and those suffering from hypertension as they elevate cardiac output and blood pressure. Amphetamines are not prescribed to those suffering from glaucoma or to nursing mothers. Amphetamine has the property of being passed on with the nursing mother’s milk.
Amphetamines were used as vasoconstrictors in inhalant therapy to shrink nasal mucous membranes in such conditions as nasal allergies and asthma; now such inhalants have been banned because of their toxicity. For unknown reasons, amphetamines have a paradoxically calming effect on some hyperactive children, but the use of these drugs to treat such children has been controversial.
Amphetamines because of their mood and performance enhancing properties have of late become popular as a recreational drug. They are particularly popular with athletes in competitive training where the elevated cardiac output boosts performance.
Source by Pauline Go